Image-guided surgery (IGS) is the general term used for any surgical procedure where the surgeon employs tracked surgical instruments in conjunction with preoperative or intraoperative images in order to indirectly guide the procedure. Most image-guided surgical procedures are minimally invasive. A field of medicine that pioneered and specializes in minimally invasive image guided surgery is interventional radiology.
The technology was originally developed for treatment of brain tumors, but has found
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